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Georgia

Pääkaupunki  Tbilisi
Väkiluku        4 677 401 (2006)
Pinta-ala       69 700 km2
Valtiomuoto  tasavalta
Kieli             georgia
Valuutta       Lari (GEL)
Uskonto       ortodokseja 65%, muslimeja 11%
Sähkö          220 V
Aikavyöhyke  UTC +4 
 

Vanhan legendan mukaan nykyisen Tbilisin aluetta peittivät laajat metsät vielä 400-luvulla. Tarina kertoo Georgian kuninkaan Vahtang Gorgasalin olleen alueella metsällä. Kuninkaan haavoittama kauris putosi kuumaan lähteeseen ja kaikkien suureksi hämmästykseksi nousi lähteestä parantuneena. Kuningas oli niin vaikuttunut alueella sijainneista rikkipitoisista kuumista lähteistä, että päätti hakkauttaa metsän ja rakennuttaa paikalle kaupungin, Tbilisin. Kaupungin nimi tulee vanhan georgian sanasta tpili, joka tarkoittaa lämmintä. Alueella on kuitenkin oikeasti ollut asutusta jo tuhansia vuosia ja Tbilisi on yksi maailman vanhimpia kaupunkeja. Tbilisi levittäytyy 35.km matkalle Kura-joen (tai georgiaksi Mtkvari-joen) rannoille. Se on aina ollut kansainvälinen kaupunki tärkeiden kauppareittien varrella.

Nähtävää Tbilisissä:

  • Metehin kirkko joen rannan vanhalla linnoitusalueella on rakennettu 1278. Temppelin edustalla on kaupungin perustajan Vahtang Gorgasalin patsas. Joen vastarannalla on Narikalan linnoituksen rauniot 1300–luvulta.
  • Mtastminda –kukkulalta (727 m) aukeaa upea näköala kaupunkiin. Siellä sijaitsee myös Pantheonin temppeli, jonne on haudattu monia kuuluisia georgialaisia. Kukkulalle pääsee mukavasti köysiradalla pääkadulta Rustavelilta.
  • Kansatieteellinen museo, historiallinen museo ja taidemuseo kertovat kukin tavallaan tämän ikivanhan maan ja kansan historiasta sekä kulttuurista.
  • Kaukasus-vuoristo on leimallinen Georgian historian kululle ja kulttuurille. Tbilisistä käsin tehdään retkiä ns. Vanhalle Sotatielle, joka on yksi vanhimmista, Kaukasiasta Iraniin ja Intiaan johtaneista kauppateistä. Retkellä noustaan usein n. 1000 m korkeuteen ja matkan varrella tutustutaan mm. Georgian muinaiseen pääkaupunkiin Mtshetaan, Zwarin luostariin sekä Ananurin linnoitukseen.
  • Kaupungin torit ovat uskomattoman runsaita ja värikkäitä.

 

Georgian kiertomatka 8 pv

Georgian kiertomatka 8 pv

Tbilisi–Mtsheta–Gori–Alaverdi–Gremi–Tsinandali–Hertvisi–Ahaltsihe–Borjomi–Gudauri–Stepantsimnda–Tbilisi 

Lähtöpäivät 2020: 13/4, 25/5, 29/6, 27/7, 10/8, 31/8, 19/10


Hinta/hlö alk. 830 € + lentolippu Tbilisiin

The price includes:

  • Airport transfers
  • Professional English speaking tour guide
  • Transportation according to the tour program 
  • Hotel accommodation:
  • 5 x overnights at the hotel in Tbilisi
  • 1 x overnight at the hotel in Akhaltsikhe
  • 1 x overnight at the hotel in Gudauri
  • Meals as mentioned in the program: Breakfasts at the hotel, 2 Dinners
  • Entrance fees: Uplistsikhe cave town, Gremi fortress, Tsinandali museum, Vardzia cave town, Borjomi Park.
  • 1 x degustation of 2 types of wine at Khareba winery
  • Water complimentary (1 bottle p/p each day)

The price does not include:

  • Flight tickets
  • Insurance
  • Tips, porterage and other personal expenses
  • Alcoholic drinks
  • Entrance fees not mentioned in the program
  • 4X4 vehicle in Kazbegi to visit Gergeti Trinity Church – 25 Euro per car 6 seats
  • Meals not mentioned in the program (15 EUR per person for lunch / 20 EUR per person for dinner)
  • Bank transfer charge


Tour program

Day 1: Depart for Georgia

Day 2: Arrival

  • Pick up from Tbilisi international airport. Hotel accommodation and overnight in Tbilisi.
  • Tbilisi city tour
    After breakfast at the hotel, start a few unforgettable hours of familiarization with the capital. All the places of interest are very close to each other, within a few minutes’ walk. Start our excursion from Metekhi (13th century) plateau, before reaching Narikala Fortress (4th century) which dominates the skyline of the Old Town. Continue to explore brick-domed underground sulphur baths (17th century) – the district of naturally hot mineral waters, cafe street Shardeni, Synagogue, Sioni Cathedral and the most ancient Basilica in Tbilisi Anchiskhati (6th century). Walk across the Bridge of Peace which is a stunning design as well as convenient crossing between the newly constructed Rike Park and the Old Town. It also provides superb views over the city. Enjoy free relaxing hours in the evening.
  • Hotel accommodation and overnight in Tbilisi. (B/-/-)

Day 3: Tbilisi – Mtskheta – Uplistsikhe – Gori – Tbilisi (210 km)

  • After breakfast at the hotel, drive to Mtskheta – an ancient capital of Georgia, important religious centre and city-museum which is inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Along the way we will stop to visit the Jvari Monastery (6th century). This well-known monastery is located on the top of the mountain, at the confluence of the Mtkvari and Aragvi rivers. Then head to Svetitskhoveli Cathedral (11th century) which is known as a place where Christ’s robe was buried. Walk along the narrow streets of Mtskheta with souvenir shopping possibility. Then drive to Gori – the birthplace of the Soviet leader Stalin. Photo-stop at the museum of Stalin and proceed to the cave town Uplistsikhe (1st millennium
  • BC) – one of the first cities in Georgia carved into the rock. The caves were the site of pagan rituals, before Georgia became a Christian country. In the evening return to Tbilisi.
  • Hotel accommodation and overnight in Tbilisi. (B/-/-)

Day 4: Tbilisi – Alaverdi – Gremi – Winery Khareba – Tsinandali – Tbilisi (310 km.)

  • After breakfast, start our drive to Kakheti region - Georgia’s premier wine-producing area as well as home to hundreds of historical and architectural monuments. Visit Alaverdi monastery. It was built in 11th century and was one of the tallest structures of the time. The surrounding courtyard is home to vineyards from which local monks make their own wine. Afterwards we have possibility to see Gremi monastery complex. Gremi was the Capital of Kakheti Kingdom (1466–1616 years). It had booming cultural life, but because of internal strife and the invasion of Shah Abbas, the town was destroyed. Afterwards proceed to Khareba winery tunnel carved in the rock of the Caucasus Mountain Range and used to age wine. You will have wine degustation there. Afterwards visit Tsinandali – a village noted for the estate and its historic winery which once belonged to the 19th century aristocratic poet Alexander Chavchavadze. We will have an excursion in the family museum and a walk in the park beautifully laid out in an English style with fine views and exotic plants. In the evening drive to Tbilisi. 
  • Hotel accommodation and overnight in Tbilisi. (B/-/-)

Day 5: Tbilisi – Paravani Lake – Poka – Khertvisi – Vardzia – Akhaltsikhe (280 km.)

  • Breakfast at the hotel. Start our drive to Vardzia – the magnificent cave town of the Golden Age, through Tsalka. The road is magnificent with its unusual villages and huge lakes. First we visit beautiful Poka Convent – the establishment of Poka Monastery is credited to St. Nino of Cappadocia who is said to have brought Christianity into Georgia. As a result of invasions in the 17th century, cathedral was destroyed but you can still see the remains of the original stone church, including fragments of the original frescos. Afterwards photo-stop at Khertvisi Fortress (10th century). Arrive in Vardzia (12th century). The cave complex stretching over half a kilometre once was a hiding place for 50 000 people. It has got a church hewn out in rock with unique 12th century frescos. The complex also includes dwellings, quarters, small hall - type churches, refectories, wine cellars, etc. Drive to Akhaltsikhe.
  • Hotel accommodation, dinner and overnight in Akhaltsikhe. (B/-/D)

Day 6: Akhaltsikhe – Sapara – Borjomi – Gudauri (300 km.)

  • Breakfast at the hotel. Visit Sapara Monastery – one of the most interesting monuments of Georgian architecture. The first records of Saphara date back to the 10th century and in the 13-14th centuries the monastery included 12 churches and chapels. Afterwards proceed to Borjomi famous for its mineral waters. Visit mineral water park, quick stroll and savour the famous water of Borjomi. Then start our very scenic drive up through the High Caucasus Mountains along the Georgian Military Highway towards Kazbegi region. Arrive in Gudauri.
  • Hotel accommodation, dinner and overnight in Gudauri. (B/-/D)

Day 7: Gudauri – Stepantsimnda – Gergeti Trinity Church – Ananuri – Tbilisi (190 km.)

  • Breakfast at the hotel. Drive across the Cross Pass (2 395m.) and along the Tergi River that brings us to Stepantsminda – main town in Kazbegi region. From the centre a leisurely 4 hours walk through beautiful valleys and woodland that leads us to Gergeti Holy Trinity church (14th century), stunningly located on a hilltop (2170 m.) both overlooking the surrounding snowy peaks of the Greater Caucasus Mountains. Here we will enjoy unique nature with beautiful panoramic views of Caucasus, including mount Kazbegi (5047m.). Drive back to Tbilisi. En route visit Ananuri architectural complex (17th century) overlooking a reservoir on the Aragvi River. Arrive in Tbilisi.
  • Hotel accommodation and overnight in Tbilisi. (B/-/-)

Day 8: Departure

  • Transfer to the airport and departure. (-/-/-)


Hotels 3*:

  • Tbilisi – Light House 3* http://lh-hotel.info/home.php or the same category
  • Akhaltsikhe – Hotel Lomsia 4* http://www.lomsia.ge/index.php/en/ or the same category
  • Gudauri – Carpe Diem 3*+ https://carpediem.ge/ or the same category

Hotels 4*:

  • Tbilisi – Astoria Tbilisi 4* http://astoriatbilisi.ge/ or the same category
  • Akhaltsikhe – Hotel Lomsia 4* http://www.lomsia.ge/index.php/en/ or the same category
  • Gudauri – Carpe Diem 3*+ https://carpediem.ge/ or the same category

Visa policy:
Georgia Many nationalities, listed on www.geoconsul.gov.ge do not need visa for visits of up to a year.
Those who need visas can get them online through evisa.gov.ge.

kartta

Georgian kiertomatka 8 pv

Tbilisi–Mtsheta–Gori–Alaverdi–Gremi–Tsinandali–Hertvisi–Ahaltsihe–Borjomi–Gudauri–Stepantsimnda–Tbilisi Lähtöpäivät 2020 : 13/4, 25/5, 29/6, 27/7, 10/8, 31/8, 19/10 Hinta/hlö alk. 830 € + lentolippu Tbilisiin The price includes: Airport transfers Professional English speaking tour guide Transportation according to the tour program Hotel accommodation: 5 x overnights at the hotel in Tbilisi 1 x overnight at the hotel in Akhaltsikhe 1 x overnight at the hotel in Gudauri Meals as mentioned in t...