is the main entry gateway of Russia. The biggest city in Russia and even in Europe, vibrant Moscow can always offer something to discover. Every visit something new can be found in ever-changing Russian capital. Medieval monuments and hi-tech buildings go hand-in-hand here. Red Square, calm surroundings of Novodevichy convent, nice foot walks along Boulevard Ring and never-sleeping Tveskaya street with its clubs and boutiques awaits!
Red Square is the central square of Moscow and literary of all Russia. In older times the square was known as Torg (Trade) and only in the middle of the 17th century it acquired its present name. The word “red” meant primarily “beautiful” in old Russia. The square is dominated by the walls and towers of the Kremlin on one side and the facade of the beautiful GUM department store with world famous boutiques on the other side. A real adornment of the square is the Intercession Cathedral better known as the Cathedral of Vasily Blazhenny (St. Basil’s Cathedral), as if emerging from the pages of fairytale books. The cathedral was laid in 16th century to commemorate the subordination of the Kazan Khanate to the Moscow State, under the rule of Ivan the Terrible. The ensemble of Red Square includes the monument to Minin and Pozharsky who lead the struggle of Russians against Polish-Lithuanian invaders during the Time of Troubles in the beginning of 17th century. Reminiscent of the Soviet epoch is Lenin’s Mausoleum with the embalmed body of the leader of the proletarian revolution. Inside the Kremlin there’s Armoury Chamber that houses the permanent exhibition “Dimond Fund of Russia” with a world-wide significance collection of unique precious stones and jewelry.
The observation platform on the Vorobiyovy Gory (the Sparrow Hills) gives the panoramic view of the city, including Novodevichy convent built of red and white bricks, Moscow skyscrapers of Stalin era, Luzhniki sport complex and other highlights. One of the most astonishing city attractions is visit to Moscow Metro which is well known for outstanding design of its halls and stations. Moscow circuses (an old one on Tsvetnoy Boulevard and the big one on Vernadsky prospect) are well-known all over the world, performing bright and unforgettable shows every day. Tretyakov gallery is a must-visit for those who are interested in Russian culture and history as it is the most important state collection of Russian icons and paintings in the world.
The full official medieval title of the town is “His Majesty Lord Novgorod the Great”. Translated from Russian, the name “Novgorod” means roughly “The Great New City” or “The Big New City”. Despite its name, Novgorod is among the most ancient cities of the East Slavs with first mentions in chronicle in 859. The city lies along the Volkhov river just below its outflow from Ilmen lake. Due to its geographical location Novgorod was never conquered by the Mongols during the Golden Horde time as it was too far from them. That is one of the reasons why no other Russian city can compare with Novgorod in the variety and age of its survived medieval monuments.
No other Russian city can be compared with Novgorod in the variety and age of survived medieval monuments. The foremost among these is the St. Sophia Cathedral, which is the best preserved of 11th century churches, probably the oldest structure still in use in Russia and the first one to represent original features of Russian architecture. The Novgorod Kremlin, traditionally known as the Detinets, also contains the oldest palace in Russia (the so-called Chamber of the Facets, 1433), which served as the main meeting hall of the archbishops; the oldest Russian bell tower (mid-15th cent.), and the oldest Russian clock tower (1673). Among later structures, the most remarkable are a royal palace (1771) and a bronze monument to the Millenium of Russia, representing the most important figures of Russian history (1862).
is Russia's second largest city after Moscow with 4.6 million inhabitants, and over 6 million people live in its vicinity. Saint Petersburg is a major Russian and European cultural centre. Those who happen to be in Saint-Petersburg once will forever keep in their hearts this splendid city. Saint-Petersburg is often described as the most Western city of Russia. Northern Venice — that’s another name of Saint-Petersburg. Russia's political and cultural centre for over 200 years, the city is sometimes referred to as the northern capital of the country. The historic center of Petersburg and related groups of monuments constitute a UNESCO World Heritage site.
The Peter and Paul Fortress is the original citadel of Saint-Petersburg , founded by Peter the Great in 1703. The fortress contains several notable buildings clustered around the Peter and Paul Cathedral, which has a 123 meter bell-tower and a gilded angel-topped cupola. The cathedral is the burial place of Russian emperors from Peter the Great to Alexander the Third. The sandy beaches underneath the fortress walls are among the most popular in St. Petersburg.
One of the most wonderful palaces in North-Eastern Europe, is the Winter Palace also called The Hermitage. Here you find a huge collection of art, crown jewelry, ancient history halls, Old Master paintings etc. Shopping in Gostiny Dvor and Passazh will suit every taste and budget. Tsarskoe selo, the former summer residence of the Imperial family, is located 17 miles south of Saint-Petersburg. The Catherine’s palace and park ensemble of Tsarskoe Selo, established in the course of about two centuries, ranks with the world’s best examples of this kind. The flowering of this major summer residence, with the Catherine Palace as its focus, began in the middle of 18th century.